Trends in Architectural 3D Visualization

according to Faraday 3D

Flashback: history of fine arts

Now we come to the most interesting part, "and what can we expect in the future?" Since we have already decided that 3D graphics are also an art, then we can regard the future with the same rules. Let us have a small flashback and see the history of fine art and in particular that of landscape art.

It is easy to identify the main periods in the history of landscape painting...

The first period has to do with the emergence and development of "landscape painting". Egypt, Babylon, and Pompeii were the main centers of its development. One could call this period "an artistic conquest of nature." If we draw a parallel with 3D art, we're looking at the emergence of 3D graphics in the 90s.

Egyptian Book of the Dead

Egyptian Book of the Dead

Author: Arnolfini Portrait, Jan Van Eyck

Author: Jan Van Eyck

The second period would be called "decoration" or "styling" of nature: Byzantine art, medieval art, Italian trecento. I would be amiss if I didn't add that around the 14th and 15th centuries painting was at a sharp turning point - the Renaissance.

Around the 1420s everybody all of a sudden became much better at drawing. As a vivid example of the time - Jan Van Eyck, the master of Bruges, the Flemish painter of the early Renaissance, and his painting "Arnolfini Portrait".

Why did images suddenly become so realistic and detailed, with a light and volume in the paintings? This I propose to the reader to figure out - it shouldn't be difficult at all with current capabilities. The analogy with 3D shows the emergence of 3D realism in 2002- 2006.

A third period in the history of landscape art has its origin in Dutch paintings of the 17th century and their extreme expression - the art of the Impressionists. Pioneering achievements include a secular Dutch realism, about display pictures of the real world around us.

Paintings convey the small corners of the rural landscape in certain weather and lighting conditions. With the means of tonal painting, the idea of the aerial perspective is created, a humid atmosphere, the scattered silvery light and the material unity of nature.

In the analogy with 3D graphics, 2006 - 2010 is a further development of realism, smoothly transferred into 3D impressionism, which began in 2010 and coincides in the analogy with Dutch paintings.

Woodland road. Author: Meindert Hobbema, 1670

Woodland road. Author: Meindert Hobbema, 1670

Finally, the fourth period - contemporary art in the way we used to see it: Realism, Symbolism, Modernism, Avant-gardism, Surrealism, Futurism, etc. If you take a look at the world's leading 3D graphic design studios like,,, we can see that modern 3D graphics have already begun to move on from realism and impressionism to some mixture of surrealism and futurism.


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